Food Guts - Ingredient Information

Ingredient Lookup

Caraway Seed

Nutritional Information

1 tbsp, caraway seed

  • Calories 22
  • Calories from Fat 8.82
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 0.98g2%
  • Saturated Fat 0.042g0%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 0.477g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.219g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 1mg0%
  • Potassium 91mg3%
  • Total Carbohydrate 3.34g1%
  • Dietary Fiber 2.5g10%
  • Sugars 0.04g
  • Protein 1.32g3%
  • Calcium 5mg1%
  • Iron 6mg33%
  • Vitamin A 0%
  • Vitamin C 2%

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Caraway Seed on Wikipedia:

Caraway Conservation status Secure Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids Order: Apiales Family: Apiaceae Genus: Carum Species: C. carvi Binomial name Carum carvi L.

Caraway (Carum carvi) also known as Meridian Fennel[1], or Persian Cumin, is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae, native to western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa.

The plant is similar in appearance to a carrot plant, with finely divided, feathery leaves with thread-like divisions, growing on 20–30 cm stems. The main flower stem is 40–60 cm tall, with small white or pink flowers in umbels. Caraway fruits (erroneously called seeds) are crescent-shaped achenes, around 2 mm long, with five pale ridges.

The plant prefers warm, sunny locations and well-drained soil.

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Cultivation and uses

Caraway fruits Some caraway fruits used as a spice, up close.

The fruits, usually used whole, have a pungent, anise-like flavor and aroma that comes from essential oils, mostly carvone and limonene. They are used as a spice in breads, especially rye bread. Seeded rye bread is denser partly because the limonene from the caraway fruits has yeast-killing properties.

Caraway is also used in liquors, casseroles, curry and other foods, and is more commonly found in European cuisine. It is also used to add flavor to cheeses such as havarti. Akvavit and several liqueurs are made with caraway.

A carminative or a tea (tisane) made from the seeds is used as a remedy for colic, loss of appetite and digestive disorders and to dispel worms. Caraway seed oil is also used as a fragrance component in soaps, lotions, and perfumes.

The roots may be cooked as a root vegetable like parsnips or carrots.

Names and history

The etymology of Caraway is complex and poorly understood.

Caraway has been called by many names in different regions, with names deriving from the Latin cuminum (cumin), the Greek karon (again, cumin), which was adapted into latin as carum (now meaning caraway), and the Sanskrit karavi, sometimes translated as ``caraway`` but other times understood to mean ``fennel.`` [2] The Italian finocchio meridionale (meridian fennel) suggests these shared roots, though cumino tedesco (German cumin) again points towards cumin -- though caraway also has its own name in Italian, caro . Other languages share similar peculiarities, with Yiddish borrowing the german Kümmel (cumin) as kimmel to mean Caraway, yet using the semitic term kamoon for cumin.[2]

English usage of the term Caraway dates back to at least 1440 [3], and is considered by Skeat to be of Arabic origin, though Katzer believes the Arabic al-karawya (cf. Spanish alcaravea) to be derived from the Latin carum. [2]

Similar herbs

Caraway thyme has a strong caraway scent and is sometimes used as a substitute for real caraway in recipes. Caraway is totaly different from fennel. In hindi it is called as Shah Jeera. In Gujarati it is called as Shah Jeeru.

External links

Caraway — Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages. How to grow Caraway History of Caraway ^ Anise Seed Substitute: Caraway Seed ^ a b c Katzer's Spice Pages: Caraway Caraway (Carum carvi L.) ^ Walter William Skeat, Principles of English etymology, Volume 2, page 319. 1891 Words of Arabic Origin v â€¢ d â€¢ e Herbs and spices   Herbs

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