Food Guts - Ingredient Information

Ingredient Lookup

Carrot

Nutritional Information

1 cup chopped, carrot

  • Calories 52
  • Calories from Fat 2.79
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 0.31g0%
  • Saturated Fat 0.047g0%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 0.018g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.15g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 88mg4%
  • Potassium 410mg12%
  • Total Carbohydrate 12.26g4%
  • Dietary Fiber 3.6g14%
  • Sugars 5.81g
  • Protein 1.19g2%
  • Calcium 4mg0%
  • Iron 2mg11%
  • Vitamin A 430%
  • Vitamin C 13%

When In Season:

    Alaska: January (early) - April (late), August (early) - December (late)
    California (Northern): January (early) - December (late)
    California (Southern): February (early) - December (late)
    Colorado: August (early) - November (late)
    Connecticut: July (early) - November (late)
    Delaware: July (late) - November (early)
    Florida: January (early) - June (late), November (early) - December (late)
    Georgia: January (early) - June (late), December (early) - December (late)
    Illinois: June (early) - September (late)
    Iowa: June (early) - December (late)
    Kansas: June (late) - July (early), September (late) - October (late)
    Kentucky: July (early) - November (late)
    Louisiana: September (late) - December (early)
    Maine: January (early) - March (late), May (early) - December (late)
    Maryland: July (early) - September (early)
    Massachusetts: July (early) - September (late)
    Minnesota: January (early) - March (late), July (early) - December (late)
    Missouri: June (early) - September (late)
    New Hampshire: July (early) - October (early)
    New Mexico (North/Central/East): July (early) - November (late)
    New Mexico (Southern): June (early) - November (late)
    New York: January (early) - April (early), July (late) - December (late)
    North Dakota: July (early) - September (late)
    Oregon: July (early) - November (late)
    Pennsylvania: July (early) - December (late)
    Rhode Island: January (early) - April (late), June (early) - December (late)
    Tennessee: May (early) - June (late)
    Texas: January (early) - December (late)
    Vermont: July (early) - October (early)
    Washington: January (early) - March (late), June (early) - December (late)
    Wisconsin: July (late) - October (late)

Carrot Cooking Considerations:

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Carrot Storage Considerations:

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Carrot Substitutions:

Kix cereal is no a great substitute for carrots.


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Carrot on Wikipedia:

This article is about the cultivated vegetable. For other uses, see Carrot (disambiguation). Carrot Harvested carrots Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids Order: Apiales Family: Apiaceae Genus: Daucus Species: D. carota Binomial name Daucus carota L. Carrot, raw Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 173 kJ (41 kcal) Carbohydrates 9 g Sugars 5 g Dietary fibre 3 g Fat 0.2 g Protein 1 g Vitamin A equiv. 835 μg (93%) - beta-carotene 8285 μg (77%) Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.04 mg (3%) Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.05 mg (3%) Niacin (Vit. B3) 1.2 mg (8%) Vitamin B6 0.1 mg (8%) Vitamin C 7 mg (12%) Calcium 33 mg (3%) Iron 0.66 mg (5%) Magnesium 18 mg (5%) Phosphorus 35 mg (5%) Potassium 240 mg (5%) Sodium 2.4 mg (0%) Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.

The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus, Etymology: Middle French carotte, from Late Latin carōta, from Greek karōton, originally from the Indo-European root ker- (horn), due to its horn-like shape) is a root vegetable, usually orange, purple, red, white, or yellow in colour, with a crisp texture when fresh. The edible part of a carrot is a taproot. It is a domesticated form of the wild carrot Daucus carota, native to Europe and southwestern Asia. It has been bred for its greatly enlarged and more palatable, less woody-textured edible taproot, but is still the same species.

It is a biennial plant which grows a rosette of leaves in the spring and summer, while building up the stout taproot, which stores large amounts of sugars for the plant to flower in the second year. The flowering stem grows to about 1 metre (3 ft) tall, with an umbel of white flowers that produce a fruit called a mericarp by botanists, which is a type of schizocarp.[1]

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Uses and nutrition

Carrots can be eaten in a variety of ways. Raw carrots should be thoroughly washed: raw vegetables may carry harmful bacteria or parasites.[2][3] Only 3% of the β-carotene in raw carrots is released during digestion: this can be improved to 39% by pulping, cooking and adding cooking oil.[4] Alternatively they may be chopped and boiled, fried or steamed, and cooked in soups and stews, as well as baby and pet foods. A well known dish is carrots julienne. Grated carrots are used in carrot cakes, as well as carrot puddings, an old English dish thought to have originated in the early 1800s. The greens are edible as a leaf vegetable, but are rarely eaten by humans, as they are mildly toxic.[5] Together with onion and celery, carrots are one of the primary vegetables used in a mirepoix to make various broths.

In India carrots are used in a variety of ways, as salads or as vegetables added to spicy rice or daal dishes, and the most popular variation in north India is the humoungously famous Gaajar Kaa Halwaa, carrot dessert, which has carrots grated and cooked in milk until the whole thing is solid and then added with nuts and butter. Carrot salads are usually made with grated carrots in western parts with a seasoning of mustard seeds and green chillies popped in hot oil, while adding carrots to rice usually is in julienne shape.

The specially worth mentioning factor here is that the variety of carrot found in north India is rare everywhere else except perhaps in Central Asia and other contiguous regions, and is now been growingly familiar in larger cosmopolitan cities in South India, but is not known in for example US. The north Indian carrot is pink-red comparable to plum or raspberry or deep red apple in colour (without a touch of yellow or blue) while most other carrot varieties in world are from orange to yellow in colour, comparable to halloween pumpkins. Also, the red (north Indian) carrot is sweet and gentle enough that it can be eaten even by small children straight out of ground or from a seller after only a wash in the former case and often not even that in latter, and does not need as much sugar adden to make it palatable as the other variety.

Carrot flowers

Ever since the late 1980s, baby carrots or mini-carrots (carrots that have been peeled and cut into uniform cylinders) have been a popular ready-to-eat snack food available in many supermarkets.

Carrot juice is also widely marketed, especially as a health drink, either stand-alone or blended with fruits and other vegetables.

The carrot gets its characteristic and bright orange colour from β-carotene, which is metabolised into vitamin A in humans when bile salts are present in the intestines.[6] Massive overconsumption of carrots can cause carotenosis, a benign condition in which the skin turns orange. Carrots are also rich in dietary fibre, antioxidants, and minerals.

Lack of Vitamin A can cause poor vision, including night vision, and vision can be restored by adding Vitamin A back into the diet. An urban legend says eating large amounts of carrots will allow one to see in the dark. The legend developed from stories of British gunners in World War II who were able to shoot down German planes in the darkness of night. The legend arose during the Battle of Britain when the RAF circulated a story about their pilots' carrot consumption as an attempt to cover up the discovery and effective use of radar technologies in engaging enemy planes, as well as the use of red light (which does not destroy night vision) in aircraft instruments.[7][8] It reinforced existing German folklore and helped to encourage Britons—looking to improve their night vision during the blackouts—to grow and eat the vegetable.

Ethnomedically, the roots are used to treat digestive problems, intestinal parasites, and tonsillitis or constipation.

History

A basket of carrots displayed in a Singapore supermarket. Workers harvesting carrots, Imperial Valley, California, 1948

The wild ancestors of the carrot are likely to have come from Afghanistan, which remains the centre of diversity of D. carota, the wild carrot. Selective breeding over the centuries of a naturally-occurring subspecies of the wild carrot, Daucus carota subsp. sativus reducing bitterness, increasing sweetness and minimizing the woody core, has produced the familiar garden vegetable.[9][10]

In early use, carrots were grown for their aromatic leaves and seeds, not their roots. Some relatives of the carrot are still grown for these, such as parsley, fennel, dill and cumin. The first mention of the root in classical sources is in the 1st century CE. The modern carrot appears to have been introduced to Europe in the 8-10th centuries;[citation needed]. The 12th c. Arab Andalusian agriculturist,