Food Guts - Ingredient Information

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Cayenne

Nutritional Information

1 tortilla, cayenne

  • Calories 270
  • Calories from Fat 54
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 6g9%
  • Saturated Fat 1.5g8%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 0g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 470mg20%
  • Potassium 0mg0%
  • Total Carbohydrate 47g16%
  • Dietary Fiber 3g12%
  • Sugars 0g
  • Protein 7g14%
  • Calcium 0mg0%
  • Iron 0mg0%
  • Vitamin A 0%
  • Vitamin C 0%

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Cayenne on Wikipedia:

This article is about the capital of French Guiana. For other uses, see Cayenne (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 4°55′22″N 52°19′37″W / 4.9227°N 52.3269°W / 4.9227; -52.3269

Commune of Cayenne

Town hall Location Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana Administration Country France Region Guyane Department Guyane Arrondissement Cayenne Intercommunality Centre Littoral Mayor Rodolphe Alexandre Statistics Land area1 23.60 km2 (9.11 sq mi) Population2 58,369  (2007)  - Density 2,473 /km2 (6,410 /sq mi) Miscellaneous INSEE/Postal code 97302/ 97300 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Cayenne is the capital of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The city stands on a former island at the mouth of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic coast.

At the 2006 census, there were 100,323 inhabitants in the urban area of Cayenne (as defined by INSEE), 50,594 of whom lived in the city (commune) of Cayenne proper, and the remainder in the neighbouring commune of Remire-Montjoly. The commune of Matoury (18,032 inhabitants in 1999), where Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport is located, is also a suburb of Cayenne, but it was not included in the official definition of the urban area by INSEE in 1999.

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History

See also: History of French Guiana

Ignored by Spanish explorers, who found the region too hot and poor to be claimed, the region was not colonized until 1604, when a French settlement was founded. However, it was soon destroyed by the Portuguese, who were determined to enforce the provisions of the Treaty of Tordesillas. French colonists returned in 1643 and founded Cayenne, but were forced to leave once more following Amerindian attacks. In 1664, France finally succeeded at establishing a permanent settlement at Cayenne. Over the next decade the colony changed hands between the French, Dutch and English, before being restored to France. It was captured by an Anglo-Portuguese force at the invasion of Cayenne in 1809 and administered from Brazil until 1814, when it was returned to French control. It was used as a French penal settlement from 1854 to 1938.

Cayenne's coat of arms on a municipal sign.

The city's population has recently grown dramatically, owing to high levels of immigration (chiefly from the West Indies and Brazil) as well as a high birthrate.

Economy

Cayenne is an important industrial centre for the shrimp industry. The city formerly also contained sugar refineries.

Culture

Cayenne is very ethnically diverse, with Creole, Haitian, Brazilian, European, and Hmong and other Asian communities. It is famous for its annual carnival which starts with the arrival of Vaval (the Carnival King) on the first Sunday after