Food Guts - Ingredient Information

Ingredient Lookup

Chow Mein Noodles

Nutritional Information

1 cup, chow mein noodles

  • Calories 237
  • Calories from Fat 124.56
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 13.84g21%
  • Saturated Fat 1.973g10%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 3.46g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 7.799g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 198mg8%
  • Potassium 54mg2%
  • Total Carbohydrate 25.89g9%
  • Dietary Fiber 1.8g7%
  • Sugars 0.12g
  • Protein 3.77g8%
  • Calcium 1mg0%
  • Iron 12mg67%
  • Vitamin A 0%
  • Vitamin C 0%

Chow Mein Noodles on Wikipedia:

Chow mein Traditional Chinese 炒麵 Simplified Chinese 炒面 Literal meaning stir-fried noodles Transliterations Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin chǎo miàn Cantonese - Jyutping caau2 min6 - Yale Romanization cháau mihn

Chow mein (chao mian in Mandarin-speaking communities) is a generic Chinese term for a dish of stir-fried noodles, of which there are many varieties. Chow mein is made with either one of two different kind of noodles. The two types are; soft noodles, or as with Hong Kong-style chow mein, thin crispy noodles.[1]

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Etymology

The pronunciation chow mein comes from the Taishan dialect of Chinese, which was the dialect spoken by the first Chinese immigrants from Taishan to America. In Taishanese it is pronounced chau1 meing4. The character for ``mein`` is 麵, which means ``noodles.`` The original Taishanese phoneme, ŋ, was dropped when adopted by English speakers, thus changing it from the original pronunciation, /meɪŋ/, to the Americanized pronunciation, /meɪn/.

American Chinese cuisine

In American Chinese cuisine, it is a stir-fried dish consisting of noodles, meat (chicken is most common but beef, shrimp, or pork can be used), onions and celery. It is often served as a specific dish at westernised Chinese restaurants.

There are two kinds of chow meins available in the market: 1) Steamed chow mein, and 2) Crispy chow mein, also known as Hong Kong style chow mein (see below). The steamed chow mein has a softer texture while the latter is crispier and dryer. Crispy chow mein has either onions and celery in the finished dish or is served ``strained``, without any vegetables. Steamed chow mein can have many different kind of vegetables in the finished dish; inculding onions and celery, as well as carrots and cabbage. Crispy chow mein is usually topped with a thick brown sauce, while steamed chow mein is mixed with soy sauce before being served.[2]

There is a regional difference in the US between the East and West Coast use of the term ``chow mein.`` On the East Coast, ``chow mein`` is always the crispy or Hong Kong style. The steamed style using soft noodles is a separate dish called ``lo mein``. On the West Coast, ``chow mein`` is always the steamed style, the crispy style is ``Hong Kong style``. [3]

There is also a version of chow mein that is unique to the Minneapolis area. It is a thick greenish mixture of cooked celery and corn starch with bits of ground pork. It is served over white rice with crunchy noodles on top.

Chow mein is mentioned as early as 1920, in the novel Main Street by Sinclair Lewis.[4]

Canadian Chinese cuisine

Canadian westernized Chinese restaurants may offer up to three different types of chow mein, none of which are identical to either style of American chow mein. Cantonese style chow mein contains deep-fried crunchy golden egg noodles, green peppers, pea pods, bok choy, bamboo shoots, water chestnuts, shrimp, Chinese roast pork (char siu), chicken, and beef, and is served in a thick sauce. Plain chow mein is similar to other Western chow meins but contains far more mung bean sprouts; some recipes may be up to one-half bean sprouts. In Canada, Hong Kong style chow mein is similar to plain chow mein but is always served on a bed of deep-fried crunchy golden egg noodles.

Indian Chinese cuisine

Chow mein is also common in Indian Chinese cuisine, having been introduced by the Chinese of Calcutta. It is usually offered Hakka or with gravy. Catering to vegetarian diets, there is an Indian variant, vegetable chow mein, which consists of noodles with cabbage, bamboo shoots, pea pods, green peppers, and carrots. In the New Delhi area, chow mein can sometimes include paneer with the mixture of noodles and vegetables.

Caribbean Chinese cuisine

Many West Indian people include chow mein in their cuisine, especially peoples from islands like Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica which include a significant ethnic Chinese population; much of the cooking has infused itself into the population in general. As well, in the South American country Guyana the culture and cuisine is similar to the Caribbean's. These chow mein are cooked in a similar manner, with green beans, carrots, peas, onions and sometimes other vegetables. Meat used is mostly chicken and sometimes pork and/or shrimp. The main difference is that local spices are added, and the dish is often served with hot Scotch bonnet peppers and/or pepper sauce.

In Cuba, aside from the foreign owned tourist hotels which often serve Western-style Chinese food, local Chinese restaurants can be found in Havana that offer a distinct Cuban style.

Nepali Chinese cuisine

Tibetans who settled in Nepal brought chow mein with them. Arguably it is the second most popular fast food of Nepal. The Newari people of the Kathmandu Valley use water buffalo meat in their cuisine, and chow mein in Nepali is often cooked with onion, vegetables and buff (water buffalo meat).

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chow mein ^ Lo Mein Chow Mein Difference - Chinese Cooking - What is the Difference Between Lo Mein and Chow Mein ^ http://www.madeinfallriver.com/content/pounds-noodles-pile-chow-mein-factory ^ http://www.newenglandbites.com/2009/03/bite-of-week-hoo-mee-chow-mein-mix.html ^ books.google.com Main street novel by sinclair Lewis

External links

BBC Food Chow mein recipe Chow mein and Lo mein

See also

Chinese noodles Mein gon (crunchy chow mein noodles) Chow mein sandwich Yakisoba Pancit Lo mein Chop suey (stir fried meat, bean sprouts, cabbage, celery)