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Crepes

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For other uses, see Crêpe (disambiguation). A stack of many crêpes A sweet crêpe opened up, with whipped cream and strawberry sauce on it

A crêpe (English pronunciation: /ˈkreɪp/, French: [kʀɛp]; Breton: krampouezhenn) is a type of very thin pancake (usually made from wheat flour). The word is of French origin, deriving from the Latin crispa, meaning ``curled.`` While crêpes originate from Brittany, a region in the northwest of France, their consumption is nowadays widespread in France and they are considered a national dish, and they are also increasingly popular in North America. In Brittany, crêpes are traditionally served with cider. Crêpes are served with a variety of fillings, from the most simple with only sugar to flambéed crêpes Suzette or elaborate savoury fillings.

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Preparation

A sweet crêpe rolled up, ready to be eaten

Crêpes are made by pouring a thin liquid batter onto a hot frying pan or flat circular hot plate, often with a trace of butter on the pan's surface. The batter is spread evenly over the cooking surface of the pan or plate either by tilting the pan or by distributing the batter with an offset spatula.

Common savoury fillings for meal crêpes include: cheese, asparagus, ham, spinach, eggs, ratatouille, mushrooms, artichoke (in certain regions), and various meat products.

When sweet, they can be eaten as dessert. They can be filled with various sweet toppings, often including Nutella spread, sugar (granulated or powdered), maple syrup, lemon juice, whipped cream, fruit spreads, custard, and sliced soft fruits.

Types and special crêpes

Crêpes are especially popular throughout France. The common ingredients include flour, eggs, milk, butter, and a pinch of salt. Crêpes are usually of two types: sweet crêpes (crêpes sucrées) made with wheat flour and slightly sweetened; and savoury galettes (crêpes salées) made with buckwheat flour and unsweetened. The name ``galette`` came from the word ``galet``, French for pebble, since the first gallettes were made on a large pebble heated in a fire. Batter made from buckwheat flour is gluten-free, which makes it possible for people who have a gluten allergy or intolerance to eat this type of crêpe.[citation needed]

A sweet crêpe served with strawberries and whipped cream

Mille crêpe is a French cake made of many crêpe layers. ``Mille`` (``mil``) means ``a thousand``, implying the many layers of crêpe.[citation needed]

Another standard French and Belgian crêpe is the crêpe Suzette, a crêpe with lightly grated orange peel and liqueur (usually Grand Marnier) which is subsequently lit upon presentation.[citation needed]

It is also a fairly common practice to roll or envelop crêpes and then lightly fry, bake, or sautée them, not unlike blintz, whose preparation is similar.[citation needed]

Cherry Kijafa Crepes are also often common and are made with a traditional crepe base, but filled with cherries simmered in a Kijafa wine sauce.[1]

Some chefs insist that Beef Wellington should include a crêpe, wrapping the coated meat to retain moisture, thereby preventing the pastry from going soggy.[citation needed]

A common recipe practiced among bodybuilders is what is called a ``Bodybuilder's Crêpe``, traditionally made with whey protein powder, flavoring, egg white, and other healthy ingredients such as cottage cheese, oats, and peanut butter. They are prepared the same way as normal crêpes are, but can sometimes cook much faster.[clarification needed][citation needed]

Crêperies

A creperie stand.

A crêperie may be a takeaway restaurant or stall, serving crêpes as a form of fast food or street food, or may be a more formal sit-down restaurant or café.

Crêperies are typical of Brittany in France; however, crêperies can be found throughout France, Europe, Japan, Seoul, Dubai, the United States, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, especially in the province of Quebec.

Because a crêpe may be served as both a main meal or a dessert, crêperies may be quite diverse in their selection and may offer other baked goods such as baguettes. They may also serve coffee, tea, buttermilk and cider (a popular drink to accompany crêpes).

In other countries

Crêpes can be compared to the African injera, the tortilla, the Indian Kuzhalappam and the Mexican sope. In Norwegian, it's called Pannekake, in most German regions it's Pfannkuchen, and in Dutch it's pannenkoeken. In Italy, crêpes are called crespella. In the Spanish regions of Galicia and Asturias they are traditionally served at carnivals. In Galicia they're called filloas, and may also be made with pork blood instead of milk. In Asturias they're called fayueles or frixuelos.

In areas of Eastern Europe formerly belonging to the Austro-Hungarian empire, there is a thin pancake comparable to a crêpe that in Austro-Bavarian is called Palatschinken or Omletten; in Hungarian: palacsinta; and in Serbian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Czech, Croatian and Slovene and Bosnian: palačinka; in Slovak: palacinka. In the Balkan region such as the countries of Albania, Montenegro, and Serbia, palačinka or palaçinka may be eaten with fruit jam, quark cheese, sugar, honey, or the hazelnut-chocolate cream Nutella.

The names for thin crêpes in other parts of Europe are:

Greek: κρέπα krepa Norwegian: pannekake Polish: naleśniki Romanian: clătită Albanian: krep, palaçinka Lithuanian: blynai Latvian: pankūka German: Pfannkuchen Russian: блины bliny Swedish: pannkaka Ukrainian: налисники nalisniki' Finnish: ohukainen Faroese: pannukaka Hungarian: palacsinta Icelandic: pönnukaka

Crêpes in culture

In France, crêpes are traditionally served on Candlemas (La Chandeleur), February 2. This day was originally Virgin Mary's Blessing Day but became known as ``avec Crêpe Day``, referring to the tradition of offering crêpes. The belief was that if you could catch the crêpe with a frying pan after tossing it in the air with your left hand and holding a gold coin in your right hand, you would become rich that year.[2]

In the United Kingdom, crêpes are traditionally eaten on Shrove Tuesday, also known as ``Pancake Tuesday``. They are generally associated with the day preceding Lent because they were a way to use up rich foodstuffs such as eggs, milk, and sugar, before the fasting season of the 40 days of Lent. They are generally served with sugar and/or lemon juice.

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Crêpe Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Crêpe Look up crêpe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Mille Crêpe Bánh xèo Blintz Dosa Galette Injera Kouign amann Memiljeon Palatschinken Pancake Pannenkoek Ploye Poffertjes Sope Tortilla

References

This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (February 2008) ^ Pancake House (2007). Crepes: Cherry Kijafa Crepes. Retrieved from http://www.originalpancakehouse.com/phm_crepes2.html. ^ Clay, Xanthe (2007-02-17). ``With a flame in your art``. Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/recipes/3336639/With-a-flame-in-your-art.html. Retrieved 2008-04-25.