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Hamburger Bun

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This article is about the sandwich. For the meat served as part of such a sandwich, see Patty. For other uses, see Hamburger (disambiguation). This article has multiple issues. Please help improve the article or discuss these issues on the talk page. It may contain original research or unverifiable claims. Tagged since June 2007. It may need copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone or spelling. Tagged since February 2008. Hamburger A fast-food hamburger Origin Place of origin United States Creator(s) Multiple claims (see text) Dish details Course served Main course Serving temperature Hot Main ingredient(s) Ground beef, bread Variations Many

A hamburger (or burger for short) is a sandwich consisting of a cooked patty of ground meat, (usually beef, but occasionally pork, turkey, or a combination of meats) placed between two wheat buns. Hamburgers are often served with lettuce, tomato, onion, pickles, or cheese and condiments such as mustard, mayonnaise, and ketchup. These condiments or excess material are optional for the consumer.[1]

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Etymology

The term hamburger originally derives from the German city of Hamburg[2], Germany's second largest city, from where many emigrated to America. In High German, ``Burg`` means ``castle``,or king's abode; earlier also city/town, and is a widespread component of city names. ``Bürger`` describes someone coming from that castle or town, (compare London -> Londoner), hence Hamburger can be a descriptive noun in German, referring to something from Hamburg. Similarly, frankfurter and wiener, names for other meat-based foods, are also used in German as descriptive nouns for people or things from the cities of Frankfurt and Wien (Vienna), respectively.

The term ``ham`` could derive from the word ``hamme``, a denomination for a moraine hillside[citation needed], although this remains unclear. The likeness to the English word ``ham`` is by pure chance (not to mention the fact that hamburgers do not contain ham).

The term ``burger`` became the synonym for many types of round sandwiches, although this word actually described a type of food rather than their creator(s) who allegedly originated in Hamburg.

Invention

See also: Cheeseburger#History

There are several accounts of the invention of the hamburger. All take place in the United States near the end of the nineteenth century.

Residents of Hamburg, New York, which was named after Hamburg, Germany, attribute the hamburger to Ohioans Frank and Charles Menches. According to legend, the Menches brothers were vendors at the 1885 Erie County Fair (then called the Buffalo Fair) when they ran out of sausage for sandwiches and used beef instead. They named the result after the location of the fair.[3][4] But, Frank Menches's obituary in The New York Times states instead that these events took place at the 1892 Summit County Fair in Akron, Ohio.[5]

The Seymour Community Historical Society of Seymour, Wisconsin, credits Charlie Nagreen, now known as ``Hamburger Charlie``, with the invention of the hamburger. Nagreen was fifteen when he reportedly made sandwiches out of meatballs that he was selling at the 1885 Seymour Fair (now the Outagamie County Fair), so that customers could eat while walking. The Historical Society explains that Nagreen named the hamburger after the Hamburg steak with which local German immigrants were familiar.[6][7]

The Library of Congress credits Louis Lassen of