Food Guts - Ingredient Information

Ingredient Lookup

Leek

Nutritional Information

1 cup, leek

  • Calories 54
  • Calories from Fat 2.43
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 0.27g0%
  • Saturated Fat 0.036g0%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 0.004g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.148g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 18mg1%
  • Potassium 160mg5%
  • Total Carbohydrate 12.59g4%
  • Dietary Fiber 1.6g6%
  • Sugars 3.47g
  • Protein 1.34g3%
  • Calcium 5mg1%
  • Iron 10mg56%
  • Vitamin A 30%
  • Vitamin C 18%

When In Season:

    California (Northern): January (early) - December (late)
    Connecticut: June (late) - October (late)
    Illinois: May (early) - August (late)
    Iowa: October (early) - December (late)
    Maine: July (late) - November (late)
    Minnesota: January (early) - March (late)
    Missouri: May (early) - August (late)
    New Mexico (North/Central/East): July (early) - November (late)
    North Dakota: July (early) - September (late)
    Rhode Island: January (early) - February (early), May (late) - December (late)
    Tennessee: June (early) - July (late)
    Washington: June (early) - November (late)

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Leek on Wikipedia:

For other uses, see Leek (disambiguation). Leek Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Monocots Order: Asparagales Family: Alliaceae Genus: Allium Species: A. ampeloprasum Subspecies: A. ampeloprasum var. porrum Trinomial name Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum (L.) J.Gay

The leek, Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum (L.), also sometimes known as Allium porrum, is a vegetable which belongs, along with the onion and garlic, to the Alliaceae family. Two related vegetables, the elephant garlic and kurrat, are also variant subspecies of Allium ampeloprasum, although different in their uses as food.

The edible part of the leek plant is a bundle of leaf sheaths which is sometimes called a stem or stalk.

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Form

Rather than forming a tight bulb like the onion, the leek produces a long cylinder of bundled leaf sheaths which are generally blanched by pushing soil around them (trenching). They are often sold as small seedlings in flats which are started off early in greenhouses, to be planted out as weather permits. Once established in the garden, leeks are hardy; many varieties can be left in the ground during the winter to be harvested as needed .

Cultivars

Leek cultivars can be subdivided in several ways, but the most common types are “summer leeks”, intended for harvest in the season when planted, and overwintering leeks, meant to be harvested in the spring of the year following planting. Summer leek types are generally smaller than overwintering types; overwintering types are generally more strongly flavored. Varieties include King Richard and Tadorna Blue.

Growing

Leek field in Houthulst, Belgium

Leeks are easy to grow from seed and tolerate standing in the field for an extended harvest. Leeks usually reach maturity in the autumn months, and they have few pest or disease problems. Leeks can be bunched and harvested early when they are about the size of a finger or pencil, or they can be thinned and allowed to grow to a much larger mature size. Hilling leeks can produce better specimens.

Cuisine

Leeks for sale.

The edible portions of the leek are the white onion base and light green stalk. The onion-like layers form around a core. The tender core may be eaten; but, as the leek ages, the core becomes woody and very chewy and better replanted than eaten.

Leek has a mild onion-like taste, although less bitter than scallion. The taste might be described as a mix of mild onion and cucumber. It has a fresh smell similar to scallion. In its raw state, the vegetable is crunchy and firm.

Leek is typically chopped into slices 5–10 mm thick. The slices have a tendency to fall apart, due to the layered structure of the leek. There are different ways of preparing the vegetable:

Boiled, which turns it soft and mild in taste. Fried, which leaves it more crunchy and preserves the taste. Raw, which can be used in salads, doing especially well when they are the prime ingredient. A traditional Welsh cawl (a form of soup) is made with leek; the cawl is made using root vegetables such as swede, carrots and potatoes and different meats. Lamb is the most popular. Cawl has been enjoyed by the nation since the 14th century and has great significance to the ancient Welsh King Gruffydd ap Llywelyn.

Leeks are an ingredient of cock-a-leekie soup, leek and potato soup and vichyssoise, along with leek soup.

Because of their symbolism in Wales (see below), they have come to be used extensively in that country’s cuisine, while in the rest of Britain leeks have only come back into favour in the last fifty years or so, having been overlooked for several centuries.[1]

Historical consumption

Dried specimens from archaeological sites in ancient Egypt, as well as wall carvings and drawings, led Zohary and Hopf to conclude that the leek was a part of the Egyptian diet “from at least the 2nd millennium B.C.E. onwards.” They also allude to surviving texts that show it had been also grown in Mesopotamia from the beginning of the 2nd millennium B.C.E.[2] The leek was the favorite vegetable of the Emperor Nero, who consumed it most often in soup.

Cultural significance

Raw leeks, bulb & lower leaves Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 255 kJ (61 kcal) Carbohydrates 2.9 g Sugars 3.9 g Dietary fiber 1.8 g Fat 0.3 g saturated 0.04 g monounsaturated 0.004 g polyunsaturated 0.166 g Protein 1.5 g Water 83 g Vitamin A equiv. 83 μg (9%) Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.06 mg (5%) Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.03 mg (2%) Niacin (Vit. B3) 0.4 mg (3%) Vitamin B6 0.233 mg (18%) Folate (Vit. B9) 64 μg (16%) Vitamin B12 0 μg (0%) Vitamin C 12 mg (20%) Vitamin E 0.92 mg (6%) Vitamin K 47 μg (45%) Calcium 59 mg (6%) Iron 2.1 mg (17%) Magnesium 28 mg (8%) Phosphorus 35 mg (5%) Potassium 180 mg (4%) Sodium 20 mg (1%) Zinc 0.12 mg (1%) Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient database

The leek is one of the national emblems of Wales, and is worn—or the daffodil (in Welsh, the daffodil is known as ``Peter's Leek`` - Cenhinen Bedr) - on