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Mozzarella Cheese

Nutritional Information

1 slice (1 oz), mozzarella cheese

  • Calories 86
  • Calories from Fat 51.12
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 5.68g9%
  • Saturated Fat 3.592g18%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 1.624g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.177g
  • Cholestreol 15mg5%
  • Sodium 150mg6%
  • Potassium 27mg1%
  • Total Carbohydrate 1.09g0%
  • Dietary Fiber 0g0%
  • Sugars 0.17g
  • Protein 7.36g15%
  • Calcium 21mg2%
  • Iron 0mg0%
  • Vitamin A 0%
  • Vitamin C 0%

Mozzarella Cheese on Wikipedia:

Mozzarella Country of origin Italy Region, town Campania and elsewhere Source of milk Cow or water buffalo Pasteurised Sometimes Texture Semi-soft Aging time None Certification Mozzarella di Bufala Campana STG and DOP 1996[1]

Mozzarella is a generic term for several kinds of originally Italian cheeses that are made using spinning and then cutting (hence the name; the Italian verb mozzare means ``to cut``):

Mozzarella di Bufala (buffalo mozzarella), made from domesticated water buffalo milk mozzarella fior di latte, made from fresh pasteurized or unpasteurized cow's milk low-moisture mozzarella, which is made from whole or part skim milk, and widely used in the foodservice industry smoked mozzarella

Fresh mozzarella is generally white, but may vary seasonally to slightly yellow depending on the animal's diet.[2] It is a semi-soft cheese. Due to its high moisture content, it is traditionally served the day it is made[3], but can be kept in brine for up to a week[4], or longer when sold in vacuum-sealed packages. Low-moisture mozzarella can keep refrigerated for up to a month[5], though some pre-shredded low-moisture mozzarella is sold with a shelf life of up to 6 months.[6] Mozzarella of several kinds are also used for most types of pizza, lasagna, or served with sliced tomatoes and basil in Insalata caprese.

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Types

Mozzarella di bufala campana (PDO 1996) is a particular type of mozzarella, made from the milk of water buffalo raised in designated areas of Lazio and Campania; some consider it the best for flavour or quality. Unlike other mozzarellas, 50% of whose production derives from imported, and often semi-coagulated milk,[7] it is protected by European PDO. It is a raw material in Italian style Neapolitan pizza - rather than mozzarella made with pasteurized cow's milk.

Mozzarella is available fresh; it is usually rolled in the shape of a ball of 80 to 100 grams (6 cm diameter), sometimes up to 1 kilogram (about 12 cm diameter), and soaked in salt water or whey, sometimes with added citric acid, until sold.

Fior di latte (written also as fiordilatte) is used to distinguish the mozzarella made from cow's milk from that made from buffalo's milk.

When slightly desiccated (partially dried), the structure becomes more compact; then it is better used to prepare dishes cooked in the oven, such as lasagne.

When twisted to form a plait it is called treccia.

It is also available in smoked (called affumicata) and reduced-moisture packaged varieties.

There are now offered a number of variations, such as ``stuffed mozzarella``, filled with olives and cooked or raw ham, as well as small tomatoes (pomodorini).

Production

Mozzarella is traditionally produced solely from the milk of the domestic water buffalo. A whey starter is added from the previous batch that contains thermophilic bacteria, and the milk is left to ripen so the bacteria can multiply. Then, rennet is added to coagulate the milk. After coagulation, the curd is cut to large, 1``-2`` pieces, and left to sit so the curds firm up in a process known as healing. After the curd heals, it is further cut to 3/8`` -1/2`` large pieces. The curds are stirred and heated to separate the curds from the whey. The whey is then drained from the curds and the curds are placed in a hoop to form a solid mass. The curd mass is left until the pH is at around 5.2-5.5, which is the point when the cheese can be stretched. The cheese is then stretched and kneaded to produce a delicate consistency -- this process is generally known as pasta filata. According to the Mozzarella di Bufala trade association, ``The cheese-maker kneads it with his hands, like a baker making bread, until he obtains a smooth, shiny paste, a strand of which he pulls out and lops off, forming the individual mozzarella.`` [8] It is then typically formed into ball shapes or in plait. In Italy, a ``rubbery`` consistency is generally considered not satisfactory; the cheese is expected to be softer.

Etymology

It has been said[by whom?] that the name ``mozzarella`` - which is derived from the Neapolitan dialect spoken in Campania - was the diminutive form of mozza (cut), or mozzare (to cut off) derived from the method of working. Other theories describe its origins as a minor preparation of ``scamozza`` (Scamorza cheese), which in its turn probably derives from ``scamozzata`` (``without a shirt``), with allusion to the fact that these cheeses have no hard surface covering typical of a dry cured cheese.

The term mozzarella is first found definitively mentioned in 1570, cited in a cookbook by Bartolomeo Scappi, reading ``…milk cream, fresh butter, ricotta cheese, fresh mozzarella and milk…``

An earlier reference is also often cited as describing mozzarella. Historian Monsignor Alicandri, in ``Chiesa Metropolitana di Capua``, states that in the 12th century the Monastery of Saint Lorenzo, in Capua, offered pilgrims a piece of bread with mozza or provatura. These are locations rather than products and mozza is taken by some to be mozzarella.

Nutritional data

Mozzarella, whole cow's milk Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 1,250 kJ (300 kcal) Carbohydrates 2.2 g Sugars 1.0 g Dietary fiber 1 g Fat 22 g Protein 22 g Calcium 500 mg (50%) Phosphorus 350 mg (50%) Potassium 80 mg (2%) Sodium 630 mg (27%) Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.

See also

Mozzarella sticks Mozzarella di Bufala Campana Scamorza cheese Pizza cheese String cheese

References

^ Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari e forestali | Banca Dati Prodotti DOP, IGP e STG ^ ``Mozzarella Cheese``. www.sallys-place.com. http://www.sallys-place.com/food/single-articles/mozzarella.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  ^ ``The Wine News Magazine - Burrata mozzarella's creamy cousin makes a fresh impression``. www.thewinenews.com. http://www.thewinenews.com/octnov06/cuisine.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  ^ ``PCC Natural Markets : Healthnotes : Mozzarella``. www.pccnaturalmarkets.com. http://www.pccnaturalmarkets.com/health/1833005/. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  ^ ``9 - Pizza Cheese -- Pizzeria Operations -- CorrellConcepts.com``. www.correllconcepts.com. http://www.correllconcepts.com/Encyclopizza/09_Cheese/09_cheese.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  ^ ``Organic Valley - Shreds - Mozzarella, Low Moisture, Part Skim, Shredded, 6 oz.``. www.organicvalley.coop. http://www.organicvalley.coop/products/cheese/shreds/mozzarella-low-moisture-part-skim-shredded-6-oz/. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  ^ Roberto Fiore, ‘Fermiamo il formaggio Frankenstein’, La Stampa, 4 June 2009. ^ ``Mozzarella di Bufala Campana trade organization``. http://www.mozzarelladibufala.org/allestimento.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-08. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mozzarella Video How Mozzarella Cheese is Manufactured Mozzarella di Bufala Campana trade organization The official DOP Consortium site - (Requires Flash) Italian Mozzarella v â€¢ d â€¢ e Italian cheeses (PDO)

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