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Mustard Seed

Nutritional Information

1 tbsp, mustard seed

  • Calories 53
  • Calories from Fat 28.98
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 3.22g5%
  • Saturated Fat 0.164g1%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 2.221g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.604g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 1mg0%
  • Potassium 76mg2%
  • Total Carbohydrate 3.91g1%
  • Dietary Fiber 1.6g6%
  • Sugars 0.76g
  • Protein 2.79g6%
  • Calcium 6mg1%
  • Iron 6mg33%
  • Vitamin A 0%
  • Vitamin C 0%

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Mustard Seed on Wikipedia:

Mustard seeds mustard seed, yellow Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 1,964 kJ (469 kcal) Carbohydrates 34.94 g Sugars 6.89 g Dietary fiber 14.7 g Fat 28.76 g saturated 1.46 g monounsaturated 19.83 g polyunsaturated 5.39 g Protein 24.94 g Water 6.86 g Vitamin A equiv. 3 μg (0%) Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.543 mg (42%) Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.381 mg (25%) Niacin (Vit. B3) 7.890 mg (53%) Vitamin B6 0.43 mg (33%) Folate (Vit. B9) 76 μg (19%) Vitamin B12 0 μg (0%) Vitamin C 3 mg (5%) Vitamin E 2.89 mg (19%) Vitamin K 5.4 μg (5%) Calcium 521 mg (52%) Iron 9.98 mg (80%) Magnesium 298 mg (81%) Phosphorus 841 mg (120%) Potassium 682 mg (15%) Sodium 5 mg (0%) Zinc 5.7 mg (57%) Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient database

Mustard seeds of the various mustard plants are among the smallest of seeds. The seeds are about 3mm in diameter, and may be colored from yellowish white to black. They are important spices in many regional cuisines. The seeds can come from three different plants: black mustard (Brassica nigra), brown Indian mustard (B. juncea), and white mustard (B. hirta/Sinapis alba).

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History

Indians have used mustard seeds and almonds in their food for over two thousand years.[citation needed]

The French have used mustard seeds as a spice since 800 AD, and it was amongst spices taken by the Spanish on explorations throughout the fifteenth century.

Gautama Buddha told the story of the grieving mother (Kisa Gotami) and the mustard seed. When a mother loses her only son, she takes his body to the Buddha to find a cure. The Buddha asks her to bring a handful of mustard seeds from a family that has never lost a child, husband, parent or friend. When the mother is unable to find such a house in her village, she realizes that death is common to all, and she cannot be selfish in her grief. [1]

In the Quran, Allah states that the scales of justice will be established on the Day of Judgment, and no soul will suffer the least injustice. Even the equivalent of a mustard seed will be accounted for because God is the most efficient reckoner.[2]

Jewish texts compare the knowable universe to the size of a mustard seed to demonstrate the world's insignificance and to teach humility.[citation needed]

In the Christian New Testament, the mustard seed is used by Jesus as a model for the kingdom of God which initially starts small but grows to be the biggest of all garden plants. Faith is also spoken about in the context of a mustard seed.[3][4][5][6][7]

Regional usage

Aavakaaya (Telugu: ఆవకాయ),Sasive (Kannada:ಸಾಸಿವೆ) is a variety of Indian pickle consisting mainly of mangoes, red chilli powder and aavaa pindi (powdered mustard) preserved in Mustard oil is popular in South India with its origin in Andhra Pradesh.

These Mustard seeds are also known as ``Sarson`` and is very popular in North India. In North sarson ka Saag is very popular.

``sarson ka tel`` Mustard oil is very good for body massage during extreme winters, as it keeps the body warm and moist.

Cultivation

Mustard seeds generally take 3–10 days to germinate if placed under the proper conditions, which include a cold atmosphere and relatively moist soil. Mature mustard plants grow into shrubs.

Mustard grows well in temperate regions. Major producers of mustard seeds include Hungary, Great Britain, India, Pakistan, Canada (90%) and the United States. Brown and black mustard seeds return higher yields than their yellow counterparts.[8]

In Pakistan after cotton, rapeseed-mustard is the second most important source of oil in Pakistan. It is cultivated over an area of 307,000 hectares with annual production of 233,000 tonnes and contribute about 17% to the domestic production of edible oil.

Rapeseed and mustard seed is a rich source of oil and protein. The seed has oil as high as 46-48 percent, Whole seed meal has 43.6 percent protein. Rapeseed meal is an excellent feed for animals.

Canola: Canola is different from rapeseed and it is lower in erucic acid and glucosinolates, which are anti-nutritive and health. Canola type varieties are free of these elements.

Gallery

Oil being extracted from mustard seeds

Ox-powered mustard seed mill

Black Mustard seeds close-up

Yellow Mustard seeds close-up

Mustard seed close-up

Mustard seed oil

Brown mustard seed

See also

Parable of the Mustard Seed Mustard (condiment)

References

^ http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/btg/btg85.htm ^ http://www.submission.org/suras/sura21.html ^ Matthew 13:31–13:32 ^ Matthew 17:20–17:21 ^ Mark 4:30–4:32 ^ Luke 13:18–13:19 ^ Luke 17:6 ^ http://www.agr.gc.ca/misb/spec/index_e.php?s1=mtd&page=intro

External links

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