Food Guts - Ingredient Information

Ingredient Lookup

Oatmeal

Nutritional Information

1 cup cooked, oatmeal

  • Calories 145
  • Calories from Fat 21.51
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 2.39g4%
  • Saturated Fat 0.421g2%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 0.748g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.87g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 278mg12%
  • Potassium 126mg4%
  • Total Carbohydrate 25.37g8%
  • Dietary Fiber 3.7g15%
  • Sugars 0.56g
  • Protein 6.06g12%
  • Calcium 2mg0%
  • Iron 8mg44%
  • Vitamin A 0%
  • Vitamin C 0%

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Oatmeal on Wikipedia:

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2008) This article may contain original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding references. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. More details may be available on the talk page. (January 2010) For the unincorporated community in Texas, see Oatmeal, Texas. Rolled oats, a type of oatmeal

Oatmeal is ground oat groats (i.e. oat-meal, cf. cornmeal, peasemeal, etc.), or a porridge made from this product (also called oatmeal cereal or stirabout, in Ireland). Oatmeal can also be steel-cut oats, crushed oats, or rolled oats.

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Use

Oat groats are coarsely ground to make oatmeal, or cut into small pieces to make steel-cut oats, or first steamed and then flattened to make rolled oats. Quick-cooking rolled oats (quick oats) are cut into small pieces before being steamed and rolled. Instant oatmeal is pre-cooked and dried, usually with sweetener and flavoring added.[1] Oatmeal is used to make porridge, as an ingredient in oatmeal cookies and oat cakes, or as an accent, as in the topping on many oat bran breads and the coating on Caboc cheese. Oatmeal is also sometimes porridge with the bran or fibrous husk as well as the oat kernel or groat.[2]

Breakfast cereal health benefits

There has been increasing interest in oatmeal in recent years due to its health benefits. Daily consumption of a bowl of oatmeal can lower blood cholesterol, due to its soluble fiber content.[3] After reports found that oats can help lower cholesterol, an ``oat bran craze``[4][5] swept the U.S. in the late 1980s, peaking in 1989. The food fad was short-lived and faded by the early 1990s. The popularity of oatmeal and other oat products again increased after the January 1997 decision by the Food and Drug Administration that food with a lot of oat bran or rolled oats can carry a label claiming it may reduce the risk of heart disease, when combined with a low-fat diet. This is because of the beta-glucan in the oats. Rolled oats have also long been a staple of many athletes' diets, especially weight trainers; given oatmeal's high content of complex carbohydrates and water-soluble fiber which encourages slow digestion and stabilizes blood-glucose levels. Oatmeal porridge also contains more B vitamins and calories than other kinds of porridges.[6] Cooked oatmeal has a lower GI value (glycemic index) than has uncooked, because cooking releases water-soluble fiber from the grain.[citation needed] These fibers release glucose very slowly.[citation needed] However, many types of instant, flavored oatmeal that is common in America, has many artificial additives and fairly large amounts of sugar.[citation needed]

Raisins and instant oatmeal prior to preparation.   Raisins and instant oatmeal after preparation.  

Cultural associations

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Scotland

Historically Oatmeal was a peasant food traditionally known as porridge.[7] Oatmeal has a long history in Scottish culinary traditions because oats are better suited than wheat to the short, wet growing season. Therefore, it became the staple grain of that country. Ancient Scottish Universities had a holiday called Meal Monday, to permit students to return to their farms and collect more oats for food.

Samuel Johnson referred, disparagingly, to this in his dictionary definition for oats: ``A grain, which in England is generally given to horses, but in Scotland supports the people.`` His biographer, James Boswell, noted that Lord Elibank was said by Sir Walter Scott to have retorted, ``Yes, and where else will you see such horses and such men?``[8]

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A common alternative method of cooking oatmeal in Scotland is to soak it overnight in salted water and cook on a low heat in the morning for a few minutes until the mixture thickens.

In Scotland, oatmeal is created by grinding oats into a coarse powder.[citation needed] Various grades are available depending on the thoroughness of the grinding, including Coarse, Pin(head) and Fine oatmeal.[citation needed] The main uses are:

Traditional porridge (or ``porage``) Brose: a thick mixture made with uncooked oatmeal (or medium oatmeal which has been dry toasted by stirring it around in a dry pot over heat until it turns a slightly darker shade and emits a sweet, nutty fragrance) and butter or cream; eaten like porridge but much more filling. Rolled oats, crushed oats, and other ``instant`` variations are often used for this purpose nowadays, since they are quicker to prepare. Gruel, made by mixing oatmeal with cold water which is then strained and heated for the benefit of infants and people recovering from illness. as an ingredient in baking in the manufacture of bannocks or oatcakes as a stuffing for poultry as a coating for Caboc cheese as the main ingredient of the Scottish dish, skirlie, or its chip-shop counterpart, the deep-fried thickly-battered mealy pudding mixed with sheep's blood, salt, and pepper to make Highland black pudding (marag dubh). mixed with fat, water, onions and seasoning, and boiled in a sheep's intestine to make ``marag geal``' Outer Hebridean white pudding, served sliced with fried eggs at breakfast. A sweeter version with dried fruit is also known. as a major component of haggis.

Vermont

In the U.S. state of Vermont oatmeal making has a long tradition originating with the Scottish settlement of the state. While there are variations, most begin with heavy steel cut oats. The oats are soaked overnight in cold water, salt, and maple syrup. Early the next morning, before beginning farm chores the cook will add ground nutmeg, ground cinnamon, and sometimes ground ginger. The pot is placed over heat and cooks for upwards of 90 minutes, being served after the chores with cream, milk, or butter. As most contemporary Vermonters no longer have farm chores, the recipe is simplified to a briefer 10 to 30 minute cooking at a higher heat. Vermont leads the U.S. in per capita consumption of cooked oatmeal cereal. Another style found in Vermont is served at some older ski lodges, starting with heavy steel cut oats and topping it with maple syrup and vanilla ice cream, to contrast the hot temperature of the oatmeal.[9]

References

Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Oatmeal Look up oatmeal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ^ Trowbridge Filippone, F. (2007) ``Oatmeal Recipes and Cooking Tips`` About.com ^ Prewett's (manufacturer of oatmeal) ^ Mayo Clinic Staff. Cholesterol: The top five foods to lower your numbers. MayoClinic.com, http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cholesterol/CL00002. ^ Spokane Chronicle - Jan 24, 1990 ^ ``How I Made $812 in the Oat Bran Craze``. 1989-10-09. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/1989/10/09/72556/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-30.  ^ New Standard Encyclopedia, 1992 by Standard Educational Corporation, Chicago, Illinois; page O-8. ^ http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_did_the_poor_people_eat_in_the_Victorian_times ^ The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.: Including a Journal of His Tour to the Hebrides. Volume 3 by James Boswell. Publisher: Derby & Jackson, New York, 1858. Page 11. ^ Maholo: Oatmeal Facts, Figures, and Sites

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Oatmeal World Porridge Making Championships including recipes for porridge and other oatmeal dishes The Cook's Thesaurus (with pictures of variety of oatmeals) Oatmeal Bread Recipe