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Shallot

Nutritional Information

1 tbsp chopped, shallot

  • Calories 7
  • Calories from Fat 0.09
  • Amount%DV
  • Total Fat 0.01g0%
  • Saturated Fat 0.002g0%
  • Monounsaturated Fat 0.001g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat 0.004g
  • Cholestreol 0mg0%
  • Sodium 1mg0%
  • Potassium 33mg1%
  • Total Carbohydrate 1.68g1%
  • Dietary Fiber 0g0%
  • Sugars 0g
  • Protein 0.25g1%
  • Calcium 0mg0%
  • Iron 1mg6%
  • Vitamin A 2%
  • Vitamin C 1%

When In Season:

    California (Northern): May (early) - October (late)
    Minnesota: January (early) - March (late), October (early) - December (late)
    North Dakota: July (early) - September (late)
    Rhode Island: January (early) - May (late), July (late) - December (late)
    Washington: June (early) - November (late)

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Shallot on Wikipedia:

Shallot Shallots Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Monocots Order: Asparagales Family: Alliaceae Genus: Allium Species: A. oschaninii Binomial name Allium oschaninii O. Fedtsch For other uses, see Shallot (disambiguation).

The term shallot is used to describe two different Allium species of plant. The French grey challot or griselle, which has been considered to be the ``true shallot`` by many, is Allium oschaninii, a species that grows wild from Central to Southwest Asia. Other varieties of shallot are Allium cepa var. aggregatum (multiplier onions), also known as A. ascalonicum.[citation needed] In Australia, the term can also refer to Scallion, and the term eschalot is used to refer to the shallot described in this article.

The botanical name of shallot is Allium ascalonicum Linn and it belongs to the family Alliaceae. Indian names are Ek-kanda-lasun or Gandana (Hindi, Marwari and Punjabi) or Gundhun (Bengali).

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Details

Shallots probably originated in Asia, traveling from there to India and the eastern Mediterranean. The name ``shallot`` comes from Ashkelon, an ancient Philistine city (now in Israel), where people in classical Greek times believed shallots originated.

Like garlic, shallots are formed in clusters of offsets with a head composed of multiple cloves. Their skin color can vary from golden brown to gray to rose red, and their off-white flesh is usually tinged with green or magenta. Shallots are much favored by chefs because of their firm texture and sweet, aromatic, yet pungent, flavor.

Shallots for sale in Southern France

The shallot is a relative of the onion, and tastes a bit like an onion, but has a sweeter, milder flavor. They tend to be more expensive than onions, especially in the United States. They can be stored for at least 6 months.[1]

Shallots are extensively cultivated and often used in cooking, in addition to being pickled. Finely sliced deep-fried shallots are used as a condiment in Asian cuisine.

Shallots are propagated by offsets, which, in the Northern Hemisphere, are often planted in September or October, but the principal crop should not be planted earlier than February or the beginning of March. In planting, the tops of the bulbs should be kept a little above ground, and it is a commendable plan to draw away the soil surrounding the bulbs when their roots have taken hold. They should not be planted on ground recently manured. They come to maturity about July or August, although they can now be found year-round in supermarkets.

Similar to onions, raw shallots release chemicals that irritate the eye when sliced, resulting in tears. See onion for a discussion of this phenomenon.

Onion and shallot output in 2005

Shallots appear to contain more flavonoids and phenols than other members of the onion family.[1]

The term French shallot has also been used for Allium oschaninii.[citation needed]

There is a very specific region of shallot gardening in south eastern Ghana.

Shallots in Persian Cooking

The shallot is called موسیر (Mûsîr) in Persian, and is often crushed and mixed with yoghurt. Iranians enjoy yoghurt in this way, especially in restaurants and Kebab-Saras where just kebabs are served. Most shallots are grown wild, harvested, sliced, dried, and sold at markets. Buyers will often soak the shallots for a number of days then boil them to get a milder flavour.

Persian shallot is Allium hirtifolium Boiss., and different from the common shallot. It is white-skinned and each plant has one or rarely two bulbs, while the common shallot is reddish-brown skinned and each plant can contain as many as 15 bulbs. It grows wild across the Zagros Mountains in different provinces of Iran.[2]

Shallots in Indian and South East Asian Cooking

Shallots are called 'bawang merah kecil' (small red onions) in Bahasa Melayu, an official language of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore, also called Brambang in Java, and ``hom`` (หอม - literally ``fragrant``) in Thai. In Cambodian (Khmer) literally called it ``Katem Kror Hom`` where ``Katem or Ktem`` is a species of Onion and ``Kror Hom`` or ``Hom`` is meant RED describing the colour of the onion, which roughly translate as ``Red Onion``. In South East Asian cuisines, such as Thai, Cambodian, Malaysian and Indonesian cuisines, both shallots and garlic ('bawang putih', white onions) are very often used as elementary spices. Raw shallot can also accompany cucumbers when pickled in mild vinegar solution. It is also often chopped finely, then fried until golden brown, resulting in tiny crispy shallot chips called 'bawang goreng' (fried onions) in Indonesian language, which can be bought ready-made from groceries and supermarkets. It enhances the flavor of many South East Asian dishes, such as fried rice variants. Crispy shallot chips are also used in Southern Chinese cuisine. In Indonesia, sometimes it is made into pickle which is usually added in variable kinds of traditional food. Its sourness increases one's appetite.

It is widely used in the southern part of India. In the Kannada language it is known as 'Eerulli' and used extensively in snacks, salads, curries and rice varieties. It is called 'Chuvannulli' in Malayalam and is used in Sambar (a type of curry) and different types of kuzhambu (curry).

References

^ Yang, J., Meyers, K.J., van der Heide, J. and Liu, R.H. (2004). ``Varietal differences in phenolic content, and antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of onions``. J. Agric. Food Chem 52 (21): 6787–6793. doi:10.1021/jf0307144. PMID 15506817.  ^ R. Ebrahimia, Z. Zamani, and A. Kash (2009). ``Genetic diversity evaluation of wild Persian shallot (Allium hirtifolium Boiss.) using morphological and RAPD markers``. Scientia Horticulturae 119 (4): 345-351. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2008.08.032.  Look up shallot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Allium ascalonicum