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Tiger Shrimp

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Tiger Shrimp on Wikipedia:

Penaeus monodon Penaeus monodon at Philippine, aquacultured. Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Crustacea Class: Malacostraca Order: Decapoda Suborder: Dendrobranchiata Family: Penaeidae Genus: Penaeus Species: P. monodon Binomial name Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798 Synonyms Penaeus carinatus Dana, 1852 Penaeus tahitensis Heller, 1862 Penaeus coeruleus Stebbing, 1905 Penaeus bubulus Kubo, 1949

source: [1]

Penaeus monodon (common names include giant tiger prawn, jumbo tiger prawn, black tiger prawn, leader prawn, sugpo and grass prawn) is a marine crustacean that is widely reared for food. The natural distribution is Indo-West-Pacific, ranging from the eastern coast of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, as far as South-east Asia, and the Sea of Japan. They can also be found in eastern Australia, and a small number have colonised the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal. Further invasive populations have become established in Hawaii and the Atlantic coast of the USA (Florida, Georgia and South Carolina).

Both sexes reach approximately 36 cm long, and females can weigh up to 650 g, making it the world's largest species of prawn.

P. monodon is the most widely cultured prawn species in the world, although it is gradually losing ground to the whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Over 900,000 tonnes are consumed annually, two-thirds of it coming from farming, chiefly in south-east Asia.

Aquaculture methods for P. monodon prawn fry were first developed at Taiwan's Tungkang Marine Laboratory Taiwan under Dr. I.-Chiu Liao, director. The first experimental P. monodon commercial ponds were established in 1977 at the coastal village of Hai O (Seagull) near Fang Liao, 20 miles south of the laboratory. Demonstration of commercial development by villagers was part of the Hai O Human Development Project sponsored by Tungkang Marine Laboratory, the Ping-Tung Hsien county government and The Institute of Cultural Affairs. By 1984 commercial production was widespread in southern Taiwan.[2]

References

^ ``Species Fact Sheets: Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798)``. FAO Species Identification and Data Programme (SIDP). FAO. http://www.fao.org/figis/servlet/FiRefServlet?ds=species&fid=3405. Retrieved January 10, 2010.  ^ G. Emerick & S. Stovall co-directors of the Hai O Human Development Project 1980-81, Institute of Cultural Affairs, Chicago.