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Toffee on Wikipedia:

Thorntons special toffee English Toffee (the chewy kind) in cellophane wrapping

Toffee is a confection made by boiling molasses or sugar (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour. The mixture is heated until its temperature reaches the hard crack stage of 300 to 310 °F (150 to 160 °C). While being prepared, toffee is sometimes mixed with nuts or raisins.

The process of making toffee involves boiling the ingredients until the mix is stiff enough to be pulled into a shape which holds and has a glossy surface. The resulting mixture will typically be poured into a shallow tray and allowed to cool to form a sweet. Different mixes, processes, and (most importantly) temperatures of toffee making will result in different textures and hardnesses, from soft and often sticky to a hard brittle material.

A popular variant in the US is English toffee, which is a very buttery toffee often made with almonds. It is available in both chewy and hard versions. Heath bars are a type of candy made with an English toffee core.

Another variant is cinder toffee, also called honeycomb or sponge toffee, which is an aerated version with bubbles introduced by adding baking soda and vinegar while mixing. The baking soda and vinegar react to form carbon dioxide, which is trapped in the highly viscous mixture. In New Zealand this is called hokey pokey.

A particular application of toffee is in toffee apples, which are apples on sticks which are coated with toffee. Toffee apples are similar to taffy apples and caramel apples (both names for apples which are covered in caramel).

Toffee used in confectionery has many different forms and is mixed with many different ingredients. Rum & Butter Toffee, Chocolate Covered, Vanilla & Chocolate, Rum & Raisin, Honeycomb.


The origins of the word are unknown. Food writer Harold McGee claims it to be ``from the Creole for a mixture of sugar and molasses``, but which creole language isn't specified.[1] The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first publication of the word to 1825 and identifies it as a variation of taffy (1817), both of which are first recorded as English dialectical words.[2][3]


^ McGee, Harold: On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen 2nd Edition, page 650. Scribner, 2004. ^ ``toffee, n. and a.``, Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition 1989 [1] ^ ``taffy1``, Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition 1989 [2]

See also

Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Molasses Toffee Caramel Fudge Bonfire toffee a dark toffee Knäck traditional Swedish toffee Butterscotch a softer form of toffee Almond Roca a chocolate coated toffee Peanut brittle Taffy (candy) an airy, chewy candy often fruit flavored Caramel candy a dense, chewy soft candy Moffat toffee, a boiled sweet made in Scotland Toffee hammer